Wind Power in Kenya: Moving From a National Plan to a Domestic Wind Energy Plan
The National Wind Energy Plan
Kenya, like the rest of the world, is on the first track adopting alternative energy, and has been in the spotlight for it brilliant national wide wind power plan. The Kenya power company future speculation is of a high growth of the business & industrial sector thus escalation the need for energy yet the supply of grid power is unsustainable. Wind Energy becomes one of the most sustainable energy solutions for any developing nation. Grid electricity from hydropower over time has become costly yet unreliable…
High installation cost, inadequate hydro-logical data, effects of climate change and limited local capacity to manufacture small hydro-power (Institution of Economic Affairs July 24, 2013) impede exploitation of small-scale hydro electricity
Due to inadequate supply of power to rural areas and increased poverty to afford grid power, there is a significant shift to non-traded traditional biomass fuels. The proportion of households consuming biomass has risen to 83% from 73% in 1980. Wind power on the other hand has been integrated at a national grid power level but has not had a significant footprint on the rural domestic households. Today Kenya has already sent up significant wind power station that are already supplying to the main power grid, these are the 550 kilowatts installed at Ngong hills and Marsabit and generating about 0.4 gig watt hours (GWh). A major 300MW wind project is underway in the Lake Turkana region.
Kenya is ranked fifth in the world and first in Africa in wind power generation
Moving To a Domestic Wind Energy Plan
Wind power is reliable; nevertheless, it varies from area to area. Borrowing from the wind energy resource atlas of Kenya we can acquire information about the wind potential in various part of Kenya, initiating a domestic wind energy plan becomes simplified. Rural electrification in Kenya is still struggling to take grid power to more areas, lighting every Conner of the country but has not cover all rural areas yet. Adapting to domestic wind energy would be the best to ensure everyone in the country can access power for simple domestic energy needs, like lighting, charging the phone, playing the radio.
Static show that rural domestic Households in Kenya source 87 percent of their energy for lighting from Kerosene fuel (https://energypedia.info/wiki/Kenya_Energy_Situation#Energy_Situation). Biogas energy likewise has had a significant rise to 83% from 73% in 1980 as cooking fuel.
About 25% of the country is compatible with current wind energy technology, this means that wind energy can be adopted at a domestic level where individual households can install small wind pump enough to generated wind power to charge phone, to light the house, power the TV and radio, power a flat iron, heat up the house in a cold season among others.